The effect of a reduction in alcohol consumption on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis

While blood pressure medicine can help to reduce blood pressure, combining blood pressure medicine with alcohol creates its own set of risks and is generally not recommended. The heart circulates blood throughout the body by creating pressure that moves the blood through blood vessels. Blood pressure is a measurement of how hard the blood is pushing against the walls of the blood vessels as the heart pumps blood. High blood pressure can be bad for someone’s health because it can cause stress on the walls of blood vessels and organs, leading to problems like kidney disease, heart attack and stroke. To prevent various health complications, including high blood pressure, people should try to limit their alcohol consumption to one or two glasses infrequently. This measurement takes into account the systolic blood pressure and the diastolic blood pressure. Stopping alcohol use can be difficult, but help is available atThe Recovery Village.

  • We classified the remaining 33 studies as having low risk of bias because heart rate was measured and reported.
  • Therefore, it is difficult to determine a priori selection of primary and secondary outcome measures for the included studies.
  • Beta-blockers can help treat high blood pressure, but their side effects may hide signs of low blood sugar in people with diabetes.
  • Diamond beside each blood pressure measurement method is proportional to DBP effect with 95% confidence interval .
  • Furthermore, we visually inspected the forest plot to check whether there were any non‐overlapping confidence intervals indicating heterogeneity.

Studies have shown a link between alcohol and hypertension, or high blood pressure. High blood pressure is when someone’s blood is pulsing through their arteries at a higher than normal pressure. The use of aggregate-level data also precluded examining predictors of BP at the individual subject level. An extension of this finding is the potential effects of alcohol on the normal circadian rhythm of BP.

Potter 1986 published data only

This problem is worse in people who drink heavily or have been drinking for longer time periods. Two review authors independently extracted data and assessed the quality of included studies. Mean difference from placebo with 95% confidence interval was the outcome measure, and a fixed-effect model was used to combine effect sizes across studies. If someone has high blood pressure, they should avoid drinking alcohol as much as possible.

Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. However, a 2018 study suggests that no amount of alcohol is safe to drink. Is an accredited drug and alcohol does alcohol decrease blood pressure rehabilitation program, that believes addiction treatment should not just address “how to stay sober” but needs to transform the life of the addict and empower him or her to create a more meaningful and positive life. We are dedicated to transforming the despair of addiction into a purposeful life of confidence, self-respect and happiness.

Alcohol Consumption for Someone With High Blood Pressure

In addition, more research is needed on biochemical indexes as markers for change in alcohol intake within the range studied herein. Average BP at each time period by treatment group is displayed in Figure 3 for all participants and for the hypertensive stratum. At most time points, mean levels were lower in the intervention group. For the entire study, the larger differences in BP change from baseline were seen at 3, 12, and 24 months, significantly greater in the intervention group for DBP at 12 and 24 months . For the hypertensive stratum the only significant difference was for SBP at 3 months . The goal of the intervention was to reduce alcohol intake to the lesser of 14 drinks per week or 50% of the participant’s own baseline alcohol intake level.

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Posted: Mon, 31 Oct 2022 02:34:04 GMT [source]

Binge drinking is defined as four or more drinks within two hours for women and five or more drinks within two hours for men. “The toxicity of alcohol appears at a lower level for women than men, therefore the guidelines for sensible drinking are lower for women than men,” she told Reuters Health. Blood pressure readings were similar during the lower-volume red wine month and the dealcoholized red wine month.


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